China Strategic Review
China Strategic Review - 5-6/2022
Release Time:2022-07-01
Having a Good Understanding of the Strategic Goal and Practical Approaches of Common Prosperity and Taking Solid Steps to Promote Prosperity for All in New Development Stage
Yang Yiyong

Recently, Qiushi Magazine published the article "Correctly Understanding and Grasping Major Theoretical and Practical Issues in China's Development", which is the latest development of Xi Jinping’s Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for the New Era, and fully demonstrates the dynamism of Xi Jinping’s Thought. Having a good understanding and grasp of the strategic goal and practical approaches to achieve common prosperity is an important prerequisite for solidly promoting common prosperity in the new development stage.

I. What is the strategic goal of achieving common prosperity

China has planned a "three-step" development strategy to promote common prosperity from 2021 to 2049: First, by the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan, the gap between residents' income and actual consumption level shall be gradually narrowed with some solid steps have been taken; Second, by 2035, there will be more significant substantive progress, that is, the equalization of basic public services will be achieved; Third, by the middle of the 21st century, the common prosperity of all people will be basically achieved, and the gap between residents' income and actual consumption level will be narrowed to a reasonable range.

II. What is the practical way to achieve common prosperity

Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the goal of "letting some people become better-off first" has been achieved. In the future, China should further improve the system and mechanism of "a greater contribution to society from the wealthy", gradually narrow the regional gap, urban-rural gap and income gap, and expand the coverage and universality of prosperity. Theoretically, to effectively solve the problem of common prosperity, China must constantly create and accumulate social wealth, and cut and divide the "cake" through reasonable institutional arrangements on the basis of making it bigger and better. In practice, to achieve common prosperity, China should not only appropriately narrow the income gap and consumption gap in reality, but also control the income gap and consumption gap at an appropriate level.

III. How to solidly promote common prosperity in the new development stage

To better achieve common prosperity in the new development stage, China must first further strengthen the priority orientation of employment in promoting high-quality development. Secondly, China should give full play to the function and role of distribution. The relationship between efficiency and fairness should be balanced, and a basic institutional arrangements for the coordination of the primary, secondary, and tertiary distribution should be built. Thirdly, China should constantly improve its public service policy system.

Analysis on the Measures, Motivations and Impacts of the Transformation of UAE’s Diplomacy
Ding Long & Li Nan

After the "Arab Spring", the UAE's diplomacy has undergone a significant transformation, which tends to use military means and frequently intervenes in regional conflicts. Its diplomatic style has changed from unobtrusive and steady to aggressive and active. The emergence of the UAE's diplomatic transformation resulted from its increased awareness of political Islam and Iranian threats and its ambition to become a regional leader. The UAE joined the US-led anti-Iran coalition, established diplomatic relations with Israel, combated political Islam at home and abroad, using the way of military and aid to expand its sphere of influence. The objective of the UAE's new foreign policy is to maintain royal rule and domestic political stability, and to become a leading force in the Middle East. This paper uses the analytic hierarchy process and the balance of threat theory to analyze the motivations, influence and trends of the UAE’s diplomatic transition. It believes that the UAE’s diplomatic transition has a profound impact on itself and the geopolitical structure of the Middle East. However, due to factors such as state power, the UAE’s diplomatic transition has suffered setbacks and has begun to change back to moderate diplomacy, which indicates the goal of the UAE's diplomatic transformation is difficult to achieve.

China’s Climate Diplomacy Against the Backdrop of the Energy Transition
Li Qingsi

In recent years, climate change has become a topic of great concern in international politics, and climate diplomacy has increasingly become an important part of diplomacy of all countries. As the largest and fastest-growing developing country, China has become the focus of international climate change issues for its highest carbon emissions in the world. The essence of climate change is energy, and energy security is related to the economic lifeline of a country. As the "world factory", China, which consumes the most energy, has become the target of energy consumption competition. 

The climate game carried out by countries in the context of global energy transformation, that is, the competition around carbon emission rights, is essentially the competition for the right to development. Those western countries that have completed historic emissions and entered post industrialization want to safeguard their vested interests without assuming additional responsibilities, and also want to take advantage of or limit the economic development of developing countries. To a certain extent, it is manifested in the competition between developed countries led by the United States and developing countries led by China. 

On the basis of fully grasping the law of development, China has actively participated in international climate change and gradually led the new energy revolution, which reflects its confidence in the development of new energy. This paper discusses how China will respond to and face challenges in climate diplomacy in the future under the background of global energy transformation.

Concentrating Efforts to Advance China’s Opening up with More Substantial and Concrete Outcomes Delivered
Guan Xiuli & Zhang Anyu

After more than 40 years of reform and opening up, China has developed into the world's second largest economy and injected strong impetus into the world economy and the growth of world trade. Looking back to China’s the development process of more than 40 years, with technological progress, the improvement of specialization, the establishment of a series of rules and institutional guarantees, and the continuous expansion of market scale, China has achieved long-term economic growth and trade benefits. 

In the new development stage, China should strive to build a new development pattern, focus on facilitating smooth artery flows and micro-flows in the economy, remove all impediments in the upstream and downstream logistics and industry, and maintain the stability of the industrial chain and supply chain. At the same time, China will further the institutional openness, promote the implementation of RCEP with high standards, strengthen cooperation with ASEAN, Japan and South Korea, and continue to build the "the Belt and Road" with high quality. China should gather the joint efforts of internal and external science, technology, industrial chain and supply chain, promote innovation, lead high-quality development, and help the internal and external circulation operate coherently at a higher level.

The Whys and Wherefores of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict
Yu Sui

As of April 14, it has been 50 days since Russian President Putin announced the launch of special military operations in Ukraine. The fighting has shifted from multiple directions to several priorities, and the peace talks were once said to have made substantial progress. In fact, Ukraine obeyed the orders of the United States, reneged, and deliberately delayed, with the intention of eroding Russia's strength, so as to enhance Ukraine's bargaining chips, and then trapped Russia in a greater dilemma. The battles is still spreading, and there are many variables in the Western encirclement and suppression of Russia.

The special military operations launched by Putin is not only to punish Ukraine, but also against NATO, and even to challenge the global hegemony of the United States and impact the international order maintained by the United States. The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has an overall impact. The Group of Seven are in the face of the challenge, BRICS members are deeply involved, and the majority of medium-sized developed countries and developing countries all express their positions directly or indirectly. This is an unprecedented comprehensive war intertwined with military war, economic war, scientific and technological war, the battle in the area of public opinion, sanctions and information warfare. As someone said, although the battlefield is in Ukraine, the front is all over the world. 

It can be seen that the world strategic pattern is undergoing profound changes. The United States and its traditional developed countries such as Britain and Japan, which strive to maintain their hegemony, and emerging market countries and developing countries such as China and Russia, which play a leading role together, within the framework of peace and development as the theme of the era, are in a lasting game in which modern comprehensive means are used to divide and disintegrate each other, but it is difficult to break away from the law of competition and cooperation. This also confirms the the sound judgment that the great change has not been seen in a century from an important aspect. 

The Multiple Challenges Facing Pakistan and its Implications
Wang Shida

Since 2022, the challenges and threats faced by Pakistan in the political, economic and security fields have intensified simultaneously. The former Prime Minister Imran Khan was ousted, and the dispute between the government and the opposition has not been settled after the new government came to power. The confrontation between the government and the opposition will continue at least until the 2023 election; the major economic indicators have deteriorated significantly, and the risk of a large-scale economic crisis and debt default cannot be ruled out; affected by the changing situation and other factors, the security situation in Pakistan has deteriorated again, and the frequency and scale of terrorist attacks have continued to rise. The above-mentioned multiple challenges have caused the coalition government led by Shabazz Sharif to face many pressures and urgently need to introduce strong measures to deal with them. It should be pointed out that the above challenges also affect China-Pakistan cooperation including the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, adding uncertainty and complexity. Nevertheless, China-Pakistan relations are known as "a friendship that cannot be exchanged for gold," which is "higher than mountains, deeper than seas, and sweeter than honey". China-Pakistan cooperation rooted in historical traditions and common interests will continue to advance in depth.

Be Wary of Japan Putting its National Destiny at Risks When Great Changes are Coming

Wang Xu

Japan often likes to gamble on national fortunes during the period of change, which is true of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea and the Pearl Harbor attack. At present, Japan is ready to move again, constantly making wrong attempts that are not in line with the general trend of regional peace and stability and win-win cooperation. This is the cumulative outbreak of its small step and fast-paced tactical adjustment in the past decade, and may become a key node for Japan's national strategic choice to move from quantitative change to qualitative change. This time, Japan seems to be on the road of no return again.

In the midst of major changes, "joining a grand event" should be the way for Japan to get along with its neighbors. As a major economy in the world, Japan should shoulder the responsibility of doing more to benefit regional and domestic development. Japan's prime minister Fumio Kishida should keep a steady hand on the tiller of the national strategy and stay true to the pledge of the Kouchikai. Because of the adverse tide, the small boat of Japan can't withstand the strong winds and waves. It might end up like the old Chinese saying “whose heart is highter than the sky and life is thinner than paper”.

Zhu Lilun’s “Pro-American” and “Anti-Communist” Discourses and the Transformation of Chinese Kuomintang from the Perspective of Chinese Modern History
Wang Jianmin

In early June 2022, Zhu Lilun, chairman of the Chinese Kuomintang, visited the United States and made a series of strong "pro-American and anti-Communist" remarks and distorted "1992 Consensus" and other relevant remarks, which attracted great attention and extensive discussion on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. At the beginning of Zhu Lilun's second election as party chairman, his remarks on cross-strait issues and his reply letter to General Secretary Xi Jinping's congratulatory message gave the outside world the impression that Zhu Lilun had returned to the correct development line of the Kuomintang, and also made the outside world feel that he is leading the Kuomintang to re-establish itself. 

But then the brutality of the nomination in the local elections in China's Taiwan region and the outrageous remarks during his visit to the United States, coupled with what he did when he was the first party chairman, proved once again that Zhu Lilun was a Kuomintang leader who lacked political wisdom and leadership. Moreover, it is also confirmed that Zhu is a typical "pro-American and anti-Communist" politician, who has abandoned the most effective "cross-strait stability card" of the Kuomintang, and wants to be a pawn of the United States to contain China, in an attempt to "pro-American system and protect Taiwan". This bankrupt Zhu Lilun's political personality and made the Kuomintang in a even more difficult situation. As the party chairman, does Zhu lilun's relevant remarks represent the position of the Kuomintang? What is the relationship between the two? Does it represent the future development and transformation trend of the Kuomintang? It is an important issue worthy of further study.

A Perspective of Green New Deal: Analysis on the Development of European Legal Environment and New Market Structure
Zhang Yi

The balanced economic development of various regions in Europe is an important basis for the unified fiscal policy of the EU. Internal economic and trade relations and such economic and trade relations are of great significance to the economic transition of central and Eastern European countries, especially economic recovery; Copenhagen's accession conditions have always affected the political and economic transition of central and Eastern European countries. The construction of EU legal environment has set important standards for market operation for EU Member States and European countries that have not joined the EU. In addition, as the earliest practitioner of the carbon market, the EU experience plays an important exemplary role in China's carbon market and its legal system construction. The evolution process of EU carbon market policy and law presents three main characteristics: the timeliness of carbon market policy and law; Overall planning of legal construction of emission reduction tools; Inclusiveness with international carbon trading rules. In promoting and ensuring the healthy development of the carbon market, the further coordination of the legal environment in various regions of Europe is the breakthrough for common prosperity and development.

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